In March 2008, flydubai was established by the government of Dubai, and the airline placed its first order for 50 Boeing B737-800 aircraft in July.
In June 2009, flydubai commenced operations with flights to Beirut, Amman, Doha, Kuwait, Muscat, Kathmandu, and Chittagong.
In 2011-2012, flydubai more than doubled its number of destinations, from 25 to 52, and was operating more than 1,000 weekly flights.
In February 2013, flydubai announced it had transported 10.4 million passengers since its launch, becoming the second-largest carrier by passenger number operating out of Dubai International Airport.
In June 2013, flydubai announced the introduction of Business Class service on its flights. Featuring spacious leather seats with personal 12.1-inch touchscreen, three-course meals, dedicated Business Class check-in desks, fast-tracking through security and baggage collection at selected airports, access to the flydubai Business Lounge in Terminal 2 at Dubai International Airport (DXB), the Business Class offers a superior travel experience.
From October 2015, flydubai began operating flights out of Al-Maktoum International (DWC) to accommodate the growing airline.
In November 2017, flydubai announced an order for 225 Boeing 737 MAX aircraft, becoming the second-largest MAX customer. flydubai had received its first Boeing 737 MAX 8 aircraft from the order made at the Dubai Airshow in 2013 in July.
In August 2018, Emirates Skywards became flydubai’s loyalty programme.
In November 2019, after the Boeing B737 MAX 8 aircraft grounding significantly impacted the financial results of the airline, flydubai’s chairman said it might replace its MAX fleet with Airbus A320neo jets.
In 2019, 10 years after its inaugural flight, flydubai is operating more than 1,400 flights a week to destinations in Europe, Africa, the Middle East, Central Asia, Indian Subcontinent, and Southeast Asia.
In 2020, in their third year of the strategic partnership, flydubai and Emirates continue to deliver better customer journeys with seamless connections to 94 destinations on the flydubai network for Emirates customers and 143 Emirates destinations for flydubai customers,
In its 10-years history, flydubai had only one incident, in January 2015, and one accident, in March 2016, when flydubai Flight 981 crashed at Rostov-on-Don Airport, Russia, killing all 55 passengers and 7 crew onboard. The cause is still under investigation.